By postponing to December 31 the “Effective implementation” from the obligation to vaccinate caregivers in the West Indies, the government hoped to restore dialogue and contain the social movement – an imperative five months before the presidential election. But he ran into a wall, as shown by new demonstrations, Saturday, November 27, which gathered several thousand Guadeloupeans in front of the CHU of Pointe-à-Pitre as well as in Basse-Terre.
→ REPORT. Vaccination obligation for caregivers in the West Indies, the government is delaying
“We do not want a postponement, we want a derogation from the law”, insists Jocelyn Zou, firefighter of the Force Ouvrière union, who regrets « l’attitude infantilisante » of State. Such a derogation would run counter to the principle of State equality. However, according to Véronique Bertile, lecturer in overseas law, “The health crisis, by putting forward the term of differentiation, will perhaps serve the cause of overseas territories” (1), which has often suffered from inappropriate decisions taken from Paris.
Faced with deadlocked talks on Saturday, November 26, Minister Sébastien Lecornu said he was ready to debate “Autonomy” from Guadeloupe: ” According to (some elected officials), Guadeloupe could better manage itself. They want less equality with France, more freedom of decision by local elected officials ”, he said on the Guadeloupe channel 1re. Words that outraged the opposition, like Marine Le Pen who accused the government of“Buy the radical separatists” and of “Let go of Guadeloupe”.
Sébastien Lecornu on site on Monday
“Autonomy is certainly not independence”, clarified the minister in theSunday newspaper, citing the example of French Polynesia where autonomy has existed since 1984. Local adaptations are provided for by article 74 of the Constitution, which recognizes the “ special organization “ overseas territories. But so far, the elected officials of Guadeloupe have taken very little possession of it.“On the one hand because it would double the work of Guadeloupe parliamentarians, on the other hand because there remains all the same, within the population, a desire to belong to the Republic and its laws”, analysis Pierre-Yves Chicot, professor of public law at the University of the Antilles-Guyane.
Ultimately, the ability of Guadeloupeans to decide their future will not depend on Paris, believes Justin Daniel, political scientist at the University of the Antilles-Guyana (1), but on “What communities have to offer”. “Most of the work has to be done locally, rather than systematically turning to the state, which is both the subject of challenges and appeals. ” Leaving for the West Indies on Sunday, November 28, Sébastien Lecornu is due to meet with elected officials and trade unionists on Monday.